New Satellite and Spacecraft System Regulations
November 11, 2014
The U.S. Department of State has removed commercial communication satellites and certain "spacecraft systems" from the US Munitions List, declassifying them as military technology. They will now be licensed for export by Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, which has jurisdiction over exportation of articles which have multiple military and civilian applications.
In a reaction to China acquiring important U.S. technologies for space flight in 1998, Congress implemented numerous restrictions to protect the domestic intelligence. Aerospace Industries Association estimated that the United States has “lost $21 billion in satellite revenue from 1999 to 2009, costing about 9,000 direct jobs annually.” The rules, which were approved in May of 2014, are part of a process to allow formerly classified military aircraft components to be exported from the United States.
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